RISK PROBABILITY BASED ON THE SEMINAL FREY AND OSBORNE STUDY
PROFESSIONAL GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS
Other elementary workers deliver and carry messages and packages; perform a variety of simple maintenance and repair tasks; collect money and stock vending machines; read meters; collect water and firewood; and collect and issue tickets for parking or events (ILO, 2018).
- Vending-machines collector
- Messengers, Package Deliverers and Luggage Porters
- Meter Readers and Vending-machine Collectors
- Water and Firewood Collectors
- Elementary Workers Not Elsewhere Classified
The technology for remote monitoring is mature and easy to install. The problem is the scale of substitution and Return on Investment. Furthermore, coin boxes/games/parking tickets are slowly being digitized, using SMS, debit cards or NFC derived technologies to automatically process payments (Business Insider, 2016).
Automatic meter reading is the technology of automatically collecting consumption, diagnostic, and status data from water meter and energy metering devices (gas, electricity). It transfers data to a central database for billing, troubleshooting and analysing. This technology mainly saves utility providers the expense of periodic trips to each physical location to read a meter, so they can save money, because they don´t need so many employees. Another advantage is that billing can be based on near real-time consumption rather than on estimates based on past or predicted consumption. There are various types of reading: through satellite transmitters (the most common), AMR Hosting (track consumption over the Internet), power line communication PLC, etc.
Telemetron is a company that provides sensors and remote monitoring tools for vending companies which also provide comprehensive data on sales, repair, down time, availability of products and set up and optimized refilling schedule
Nowadays, new types of vending machines (for example ticket automats for public transport, parking automats, food automats, etc.) appeared in our cities, when the automats are equipped with payment by a credit card, thus the need for the employees collecting the coins is receding. Another option is to buy tickets through the internet or SMS.