Journalists research, investigate, interpret and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media (ILO, 2018)


Professional Group characteristics and similar occupations

Authors, Journalists and Linguists

Authors, journalists and linguists conceive and create literary works; interpret and communicate news and public affairs through the media; and translate or interpret from one language into another.

Tasks performed usually include: writing literary works; appraising merits of literary and other works of art; collecting information about current affairs and writing about them; researching, investigating, interpreting and communicating news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media; translating written material from one language to another; simultaneously translating from one language to another. (ILO, 2018)

  • Journalist
  • Newspaper editor
  • Newspaper reporter
  • Sports writer
  • Sub editor
  • Translators, Interpreters and Other Linguists

Background Information

The internet (online news, social media) has broken down the traditional news monopolies that existed prior to the 2000s by creating online competition and fragmenting their access to advertisers (Petty, 2017). This day and age it is possible for a media agency to exist online and have access to massive audience and advertisers by continually generating reports and news-bites and ensuring high engagement (The Economist, 2006).

Much of what journalists report or post in social media can now be automated using machine learning tools, such as Narrative Science ( Natural Language Generation, 2018), that is able to create narratively sound reports from analysing data in a natural language. In fact, if you’ve read a financial earnings report in the past year or two, you’ve probably read an article or press release generated by a machine (Reddan, 2017). The first places these programs will be used is in the financial/ts reports, domestic or foreign election results and any other simple reports, which rely heavily on data and number manipulation. The quality of those machine generated reports are virtually indistinguishable to a human’s due to the given format and language used.

However, these software is not even close to the limit of their impact. Online platforms already exist that “scrape” content from news sites and creatively “rewrite” it for reposting. The reason of the low automation score is the fact that journalism as a collection of networks and human interactions, as well as critical thinking, creativity, on foot investigations etc. are still beyond the capacities of these technologies (Holmes, 2016).

case examples

Categories: Skill Level 4