RISK PROBABILITY BASED ON THE SEMINAL FREY AND OSBORNE STUDY
PROFESSIONAL GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS
Transport and Storage Labourers
Transport and storage labourers propel cycles and similar vehicles and drive animal-drawn vehicles to transport passengers or goods, drive animal-drawn machinery, handle freight and baggage, and stock shelves (ILO, 2018).
- Mobile Farm and Forestry Plant Operators
- Earthmoving and Related Plant Operators
- Lifting Truck Operators
- Ski-lift operator
- Baggage handler
- Freight handler
- Warehouse porter
- Crane operator
- Hand and Pedal Vehicle Drivers
- Drivers of Animal-drawn Vehicles and Machinery
- Freight Handlers
- Shelf Fillers
- Forklift operator
- Hotel porter
- Luggage porter
Specialized personnel with high degree of skill through expertise tended to be shielded from technological advancements. However, due to an exponential increase in computing power, advances in sensors and software design as well as an exponential increase in trade and volume of products moved, complex tasks can now be performed, with a smaller degree of failure, by automated machines. This technology is mature and due to the significant concentration of the occupation in centralized locations a number of practices have been implemented all over the world.
The Rotterdam port (one of the biggest in the world) has recently updated its cranes to almost fully automatic. The container cranes in the port of Rotterdam are unmanned and practically fully automated. Robots, with a height of more than 125 metres welcome to the Port of Rotterdam, at the automated RWG terminal. The terminals in the Port of Rotterdam are the world’s most automated terminals, operating largely autonomously, and with remote operators with a loss of almost 1000 jobs.
In Australia’s Sydney Port operate 45 so-called AutoStrads, or automated straddles. They are machines that have taken on the work that until a couple of months ago was at least in part performed by dockworkers.
First fully automated farm, equipped with machines, which will do everything from re-planting young seedlings to watering, trimming and harvesting crops.